Physiotherapy in the treatment of neurological disorders

The rehabilitation is a fundamental part in the recovery of any neurological disorder. There exists evidence of the benefits of the physical therapy in the process of rehabilitation of the patients, as well as the importance of beginning the treatment as soon as possible, with a frequency and notable intensity, developing the therapies in a constant and regular way. Also it is fundamental for the success, the fact that the patient would be completely involved in the therapy, with a high level of motivation and interest. This is largely a work of the physiotherapist.

There exists multiple therapies to be used with regard to the procedure of the rehabilitation, from the most conventional until the introduction of new technologies, as the robotics, or the Virtual Reality systems. The most important thing is to adapt and to select any of the methods, to the needs and demands of each patient.

We must not forget that the purpose of the treatment is to achieve the most functionality as possible, in order to the patient could recover its autonomy in his/her Activities of Daily Living.

Wed must consider the ‘neuroplasticity concept’, phenomenon by which our brain possesses the capacity of reorganizing and modifying the neuronal mechanisms, adapting itself to the received stimuli, to readjust the function and structure of the neuronal connectors.

The above mentioned process happens in healthy and with pathology individuals, therefore it is important to bear in mind in case of neurological patients, so these modifications can happen during the development of its recovery.

We should underline, that the final goal of the physiotherapist should be integrating into the proper therapy, being connected with the patient and its needs, to receive an attention personalized and nearby, directed to improve the quality of life of the patients.

 

Silvia Roncero González- Physiotherapist of NeuroRedacer

Translation by Patricia Rey.

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