What is the neuroplasticity or cerebral plasticity?

The neuroplasticity o cerebral plasticity is the aptitude that the neuronal textile has to reorganizing and to be modified according to its interaction with the environment, adapting itself to the received stimuli, to readjust the function and structure of our brain.

This adaptive potential of the nervous system makes possible that the neurons could be restored of injuries and restore the alterations produced in pathologies like Brain Injury, neurodegenerative illness, spinal cord injuries, or cognitive disorders.

The evidence informs that the cerebral plasticity takes place along the whole life of a person. The brain, through the learning and the experience, possesses the constant aptitude to reorganize during the childhood, in the maturity and in the elderly.

This allows the patients with neurological illness to acquire new knowledge and skills. For that reason, it is important to consider the possibility of a partially or totally recovery of lost functions.

More and more studies relate the use of the different neurorehabilitation therapies with the development of cerebral plasticity, being the results notorious and measurable.

In that way, it is important to start the rehabilitation as soon as possible so we can be benefited from this ability, and create new neuronal connections.

Silvia Roncero González. Physiotherapist in NeuroRedacer.

Translation by Patricia Rey.

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